To provide two water enterprises for clean and safe drinking water
Rotary Club of Phnom Penh Metro and Rotary Club of Laren-Blaricum for funding to help provide two water enterprises for clean and safe drinking water to community at Oddar Meanchey and Siem Reap Province in Different Villages in Cambodia.
Cambodian health is among the poorest in Southeast Asia . Life expectancy is 61 years (UNICEF,2009) and the risk for major infectious, waterborne diseases such as bacterial and protozoal diarrhoea is very high (CIA World Factbook, 2009). The reason for this is the consumption of unhealthy water, especially in rural areas. As the country simply does not have the capacity to meet the water quantity, quality, access and management needs of the residents, inadequate water supply is a daily reality for millions of rural residents in Cambodia. An estimated 44% of the rural population of the country uses unimproved drinking water sources (UNICEF; WHO, 2008). The danger of this is manifested in the Cambodia’s high infant mortality rate of 88 per 1000 live births (WHO, 2009).Diarrhoeal disease is one of the main causes of death for children under the age of 5 in Cambodia (WHO, 2008).
Compared to other parts of the country, the situation in Northern Cambodia (Oddar Meanchey, Banteay Meanchey and Siem Reap Province) is worse. Water is often drunk directly from ponds, rivers and streams without being cleaned, or it is coll ected and boiled, which can be time consuming and damaging to the environment (an estimated 4 to 5 kilograms of firewood is used to boil water every day). The Provincial Department for Rural Development (PDRD) of Oddar Meanchey showed that 60% of the province’s population has no access to clean drinking water.
In 2010 NGO ICS (Investing in Children and their Societies) commenced a study by the Economic Institute of Cambodia, in which water tests results revealed that water from the ponds contains many of micro organism that causes sickness and diseases. Households, that on average consist of 5 to 6 members, monthly spend almost 3 Euros on medicine for waterborne diseases, while only earning around 35 Euros per month.
RC Laren-Blaricum, D-1570, Netherlands
Investing in Children and their Societies (ICS)